Core Theme 2: Sustainable intensification of agriculture
Full title: Urban agriculture and adaption to climate change
Start-end date: to be defined
Urban agriculture and adaption to climate change
Urban farms have enormous potential to increase (urban) food security, because more than half of the world’s population lives in cities, and these farms are seen as more climate-resistant than traditional farms. FACCE-JPI is therefore looking for opportunities to integrate urban agriculture into current projects, and is setting up new actions.
Member states will be asked to provide input into an exploratory workshop, that will focus on both high-intensity ‘vertical’ farms and low-intensity, community-based gardens. In the vertical farms, vegetables or other plant species are grown under LED-lamps in sterile and climate- controlled buildings – so the plants are not exposed to droughts and pests and not prone to drought or heavy rainfalls.
The low-intensity community-based gardens (or other open urban farms), usually serve multiple purposes, such as job creation, nature protection, care and community building. Because most open urban farms are biodiverse and don’t use agrochemicals, these farms are also seen as less risky than traditional agriculture. The fact that urban farming shortens transport distances mitigates climate risks as well as greenhouse gases emissions.
Urban agriculture is a transversal issue across all FACCE-JPI core themes, but is currently not addressed explicitly in the research action. In the workshop, there are also uncertainties to discuss, such as to how the potential of these systems can be realized.
The proposed start date for this Exploratory workshop on Urban (Vertical) Agriculture and Adaptation to Climate Change is to be defined.