FACCE MACSUR

Core Theme 1: Sustainable food security under climate change

Instrument: Knowledge Hub

Full title: Impacts of climate change on European agriculture

Start-end date: June 2012-2014

Continuation: MACSUR2 (2015-2017) & ...

Website: https://www.macsur.eu/

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Impacts on climate change - Improving scenario studies

Europe has to deal with all kind of climate risks such as more heat stress and droughts, exceptional much rain and new pests and diseases. It is therefore essential that climate change related scenarios and strategies are included in policies such as the European Commission’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), Habitats Directive, and 2015 Paris Climate Agreement.

In order to achieve this, policymakers need clear outcomes of reliable scenario studies. Companies and farmers also need reliable simulation models that can help them to make decisions.

Livestock, grassland, crops and farms

To improve scenario studies, the Knowledge Hub MACSUR was setup under FACCE-JPI in 2012. National agencies have contributed 13 million euro to this Hub. MACSUR has brought together more than three hundred European experts from 70 institutes in modelling grasslands, livestock, crops, farms, and agricultural trade.

They have refined simulation models and datasets, linked models from different sectors (for example: integrating crop models with trade models), and trained young scientists. The researchers have also adapted existing crop, livestock and trade models in such a way that they can now include climate and land use change, and respond to adaptation measures.

Yields, prices and labour requirements

Before the start of MACSUR, most models could only answer questions at one level, for example: What will happen to the yield of crop A or B when deprived of water or certain nutrients?  Now, integrated models can answer more complex questions such as: What will happen to the yields, prices and labour requirements in Andalucía, Scotland or Tirol, when farmers start to grow alternative crops (as an adaptation measure) under the expected climate conditions until 2050?

Stronger science-policy dialogue

MACSUR’s experts have published their improved assessments in 200 scientific articles, the Hub has led to 31 Phd studies, and the network has ensured that agriculture has been given a central place in the Paris Climate Agreement.

Next steps include a stronger science-policy dialogue, to make the models and their outcomes more useful for policy makers, companies and farmers (Implementation Plan 2018-2022). To this end, FACCE-JPI is considering a new type of Knowledge Hub that will concentrate entirely on knowledge transfer and valorisation. This would facilitate FACCE’s goal of improving its societal impact.

 


More actions
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Knowledge Hub FACCE MACSUR
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No more waste in the new bioeconomy
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Nature-friendly farming
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Nutrition security requires a system approach
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Improving policy interventions to ensure food and nutrition security
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Precision agriculture requires co-creation in networks
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Novel techniques in crop breeding and livestock
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Improving agricultural soil management
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Adaption of agriculture systems
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Sustainable crop systems that require fewer chemicals
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Combatting water shortages and pollution
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A sustainable and climate-resilient agri-food system
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Connecting Research to Policy and Practice
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Valorisation workshops
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Knowledge Network on Sustainable Intensification (KNSI)
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Monitoring and mitigating of greenhouse gases
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Reducing agricultural GHG emissions is a challenge
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Urban farms have enormous potential to increase (urban) food security