Core Theme 1: Sustainable food security under climate change
Instrument: Knowledge Hub
Full title: Impacts of climate change on European agriculture
Start-end date: June 2012-2014
Continuation: MACSUR2 (2015-2017) & ...
Impacts on climate change - Improving scenario studies
Europe has to deal with all kind of climate risks such as more heat stress and droughts, exceptional much rain and new pests and diseases. It is therefore essential that climate change related scenarios and strategies are included in policies such as the European Commission’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), Habitats Directive, and 2015 Paris Climate Agreement.
In order to achieve this, policymakers need clear outcomes of reliable scenario studies. Companies and farmers also need reliable simulation models that can help them to make decisions.
Livestock, grassland, crops and farms
To improve scenario studies, the Knowledge Hub MACSUR was setup under FACCE-JPI in 2012. National agencies have contributed 13 million euro to this Hub. MACSUR has brought together more than three hundred European experts from 70 institutes in modelling grasslands, livestock, crops, farms, and agricultural trade.
They have refined simulation models and datasets, linked models from different sectors (for example: integrating crop models with trade models), and trained young scientists. The researchers have also adapted existing crop, livestock and trade models in such a way that they can now include climate and land use change, and respond to adaptation measures.
Yields, prices and labour requirements
Before the start of MACSUR, most models could only answer questions at one level, for example: What will happen to the yield of crop A or B when deprived of water or certain nutrients? Now, integrated models can answer more complex questions such as: What will happen to the yields, prices and labour requirements in Andalucía, Scotland or Tirol, when farmers start to grow alternative crops (as an adaptation measure) under the expected climate conditions until 2050?
Stronger science-policy dialogue
MACSUR’s experts have published their improved assessments in 200 scientific articles, the Hub has led to 31 Phd studies, and the network has ensured that agriculture has been given a central place in the Paris Climate Agreement.
Next steps include a stronger science-policy dialogue, to make the models and their outcomes more useful for policy makers, companies and farmers (Implementation Plan 2018-2022). To this end, FACCE-JPI is considering a new type of Knowledge Hub that will concentrate entirely on knowledge transfer and valorisation. This would facilitate FACCE’s goal of improving its societal impact.
- Joint call on food security and land use change
- Food security and land use change call
- Background information
- Funded projects
- Guidelines for applications
- Call partners
- National information and annexes
- Opportunities for developing country researcher involvement
- Impacts of climate change on European agriculture. FACCE-JPI launces its first European project
- International livestock modelling conference - 15-16 June 2016 - Potsdam Germany
- FACCE MACSUR at the Adaptation Futures 2016 Conference in Rotterdam
- 5th announcement: International Crop Modelling Symposium
- FACCE MACSUR knowledge hub: The Paris Agreement challenge for agricultural research - less greenhouse gas emissions and more food